Understanding About Body Mass Index

The body mass Index (BMI) is one way to know your ideal weight range and predict how much risk your health disorder is. This method is used to determine a healthy weight based on weight and height.

The body mass index number or in English Body Mass Index (BMI) is used to indicate a person’s weight category whether proportional or not. Through the IMT, one would know whether the weight belongs to normal or ideal categories, excess, or lack.

Body mass index is obtained by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms in units with their height in quadratic meters. For some people, the body mass index value is likely inaccurate. Those who are pregnant, bodybuilders, or athletes with a high level of activity are groups with BMI values that do not reflect the health of the moment. That is, although their BMI value is above normal, it does not mean that they have excessive fat.

Weight classification based on IMT

BMI calculation is divided into four categories:

  • A person is obese if his BMI is equal to or above 30.
  • When a person’s IMT touches the 25-29,9 number, he is categorized as having overweight.
  • Normal BMI or weight is ideal in the range of 18.5-24,9.
  • If someone has a BMI below the number 18.5, then the person has a normal weight.

As for the Asian population, including Indonesia, the BMI grouping is as follows:

  • A person is obese if his BMI is above 25.
  • When a person’s IMT touches the 23-24,9 number, he is categorized as overweight.
  • Normal BMI ranges from 18.5-22,9.
  • If someone has a BMI below the number 18.5, then the person has a normal weight.

The bigger a person’s IMT, the bigger the body shape. Conversely, the lower the BMI, the person tends to have a lean body.

Unfortunately, the above figures are less accurate if applied to a feeding disorder sufferer, such as anorexia nervosa. The body mass index figures also do not represent those who are experiencing extreme levels of obesity.

Don’t rely too much on body mass index

BMI can be used as a benchmark for someone to be wary of abnormal weight. However, excessive reliance on those numbers is also unwise. One of the disadvantages of BMI calculation is the results of BMI is common because it does not take into account other factors, such as body type, age, and level of person’s activity.

  • If there are two individuals having the same body mass index, but different genders and ages, it is also necessary to count.
  • Where a person’s weight can also be the calculation of body mass index becomes inaccurate, such as athletes or bodybuilders. These two groups are likely to have a higher weight because it has an athletic body. Weight is derived from muscle mass, not body fat.
  • Based on age, for example, adults tend to have more body fat than children. While against gender, the people naturally have more body fat than men.
  • Likewise, the activity and shape of one’s body. Despite having a normal body mass index, people who are less likely to have more body fat. Those who have more fat in the stomach, are judged to be more susceptible to health disorders.
  • Fats that settle in the abdomen and waist are associated with the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes. While those with fat deposits in the hips and thighs are considered safer than the threat of these diseases.
  • It is worth noting that the BMI calculation is an ethnic person. Each ethnic is faced with its own health threat. For Asians, IMT 27 or higher is already including obesity. In fact, the category of obesity is generally in the BMI range of more than 30.
  • Certain diseases or medical conditions, such as malnutrition or ascites, may also cause the calculation of BMI to become inaccurate. This is due to the addition of weight loss due to body fluid heap.

The importance of maintaining weight

Despite all its shortcomings, BMI calculations are well known primarily as a reminder to maintain weight. If you have less weight, you can use vitamin supplements and improve your diet. Conversely, if your body is overweight, you can try a healthy diet and exercise more often.

By having a normal weight, the following benefits can be obtained.

  • Can do more activity due to higher stamina.
  • Minimize one’s risk of joint pain and muscle pain.
  • It has better pattern and sleep quality.
  • Heart performance will be lighter.
  • Blood circulation and metabolism will also be better.
  • Reduce the risk of certain cardiovascular diseases and cancers.
  • Reduce cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose, and lower risk of type 2 diabetes.

Given the many advantages of having an ideal body weight, the knowledge of body mass index is still feasible to be maintained primarily as a self-control. Make sure your healthy diet and regular exercise become your daily habits. If you are experiencing weight loss problems and are difficult to regulate or achieve the ideal weight, you can consult a doctor for further handling steps.

Danger of Sweet Drinks to Health

Sweet drinks products are very well sold in the market and more and more different types. Although it tastes delicious, sweet drinks can harm the health, especially if consumed excessively. Find out what the dangers of a sweet beverage are to your health so that you don’t just eat it.

Sweet drinks are the types of drinks that have been given sweetener, such as liquid sugar, brown sugar, sirop, honey, fruit concentrate, and artificial sweeteners. Some examples of sweets that are popular are soda, fruit juices, bottled drinks, and boba beverages.

In addition to high sugar, sweet drink products do not contain much nutrients beneficial to the body. In fact, pure fruit juice is said to be healthy because it contains many vitamins are actually not healthier than the whole fruit. This is because the content of fiber in fruit juice is very low while the sugar content is high.

Excessive consumption of sugar is associated with increased weight and the emergence of various diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and some cancers.

Know the dangers of sweet drinks to the body

Research shows that consumption of 2 – 6 glasses of sweet drinks each week can increase the risk of death by 6%, and consumption of 1 – 2 glasses of sweet drinks per day can increase the risk of death by 14%.

The danger of sweet drinks to health can not be underestimated. Here are some diseases that can arise as a result of consuming too much sweet drinks:

1. Obesity

An increase in weight occurs when the number of calories entered is greater than the amount of calories burned for activity. Well, the high sugar content in sweet drinks will give you a large amount of calorie intake.

Unlike solid foods, sweet drinks do not give a sense of satiety, so you will still eat a lot of food even though it has gained a lot of calories from sweet drinks. Consequently, the incoming calories will exceed the body’s need and have a weight gain.

Uncontrolled weight gain can lead to overweight and obesity. Obesity is a risk factor of various deadly diseases, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, and some types of cancer.

Therefore, limit the consumption of sweetened beverages to prevent obesity while lowering the risk of death from the disease.

2. Diabetes

Sugar content that is sufficiently high in sweet drinks can increase blood sugar levels and enlarge your risk of being exposed to diabetes. Diabetes can cause complications in the kidneys, eyes, and heart.

A study shows that eating 1 – 2 glasses of sweetened beverages daily can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes as much as 26%.

3. High cholesterol and heart disease

There are two types of cholesterol, namely good cholesterol (high density lipoprotein/HDL) and bad cholesterol (low density lipoprotein/LDL). People who often consume sweet drinks tend to have lower HDL levels and high levels of LDL.

High levels of LDL can increase your risk of narrowing the blood vessels in the heart. A study stated that consuming 1 can of sweet drink per day will increase the risk of heart attack by 20%.

4. Tooth decay

Consumption of high-sugar foods or drinks can cause tooth decay. To avoid this, sweet drinks are only advised to be consumed during meal hours.

It also applies to fruit juices because the content of sugar and acid in it can damage the teeth. Therefore, fruit juices should only be consumed during the main meal hours and the amount also needs to be restricted. The recommended total consumption of pure fruit juice is 150 ml per day.

5. Specific types of cancer

A study states that excessive consumption of liqueurs may increase the risk of cancer in general, except for lung cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer. The type of cancer closely associated with the consumption of sweetened beverages is breast cancer.

Excessive consumption of pure fruit juice can also increase the risk of cancer. Therefore, the consumption of whole fruit is much more advised than the consumption of fruit juices only the advice.

To avoid the dangers of sweet drinks, you need to limit the consumption. In lieu of a sweet drink, you can choose a white water or carbonated water that does not contain a sweetener. You can also consume low calorie soda which is less sugar content.

If you often consume sweet drinks, there is no harm in having you checked into the doctor to monitor blood sugar levels and to know the risk of other diseases due to excessive consumption of sugar.